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Historical Celebrities

Zhou Taofen (1895-1944) was named Zhou En’run, born in Shatang village, Huangxi country ferry committee, Yujiang County. He began to study classical books when he was 5 years old, graduated from Shanghai Nanyang Middle School at 18 years old and graduated from Shanghai S. John College in 1921. In 1922, introduced by Huang Yanpei, he worked as a director of editor Dept. in China Professional Education Press, and also a editor in chief of monthly Education and Profession and Professional Education Series. He published many famous books such as Democratism and Education, Profession Psychology. In October,1926, he worked as a editor in chief of Life Weekly again. Due to its correct editing guideline, Life weekly was popular in readers and its circulation rose from 80,000 to 120,000.
   Zhou Taofen’s main works are Ping Zong Ji Yu, Ping Zong Yi Yu, Experience, Taofen Corpus (I to III part) etc.
   In memory of this outstanding jounalist, politician, publisher,great democracist, patriotist and communist, People of Yujiang County built Zhou Taofen’s full length statue in county center with respect and yearn for him forever.

Zhao Zhiming(1897-1935)was named Zhao Yongsheng, born in Guixi Baitian country. He helped his father to earn bread and butter after studying in private school for 4 years. He joined Chinese Communist in April 1929. as a branch secretary. Under Huangdao’s guide, he organized Red Guard, Children’s Group and Pioneer Team to fight for land with landlords. In September 1930, voted as chairman of Soviet government in Guixi County, he lead Suzhou People to develop farming and cooperated in smashing thrice surrounding and suppressing of kuomingdang. In January 1933, Red Army and Central Army met in Shangqing, so Kuomingdang thought the main force of Red Arm in Su District, northeast of Jiangxi Province had already been sent out. Then Kuomingdang started to surround and suppress Suzhou for the forth time. Conforming to appointment of Fujian and Zhejiang Committee, Zhao Zhiming consolidated and developed Su District by encouraging people in Su District of Guixi joining newly-organized Red Cross Army to strengthen military forces. In the short three months, 569 person in Su District ,Guixi joined in Red Army, which was highly praised by Fang Zhimin. In October 1937, newly-organized Red Cross Army was sent to north and Zhao Zhiming was appointed to stay in Su District. In November, he was appointed as the secretary of Gui, Yu and Wan County and chairman of Soviet of the three counties. He reorganized guerrilla to elites company to expand military fights with Kuomingdang in mountains and forests ,and destroyed enemy’s over 40  emplacements. Zhao Zhiming died at age 38.

Lu Jiuyuan(1139-1193),given name is also Zijing, is named Cunzai and people called him Mr. Xiangshan. Born in Qingtian Jinxi County, he was a famous philosopher and educationist in Nan Song Dynasty.
   Lu Jiuyuan was qualified as a scholar in 1172 and he was also chief umpire in Jing’an County (in Nanchang) and Chong’an County(in Fujian).Appointed as the chief editor in 1182, he modified memorials and laws to the throne. He was in charge of Chongdao Guan in Taizhou as a salaried officer and lived a leisure life there.
   Lu Jiuyuan’s education idea formed his own system, which promoted mentalism, aimed at knowledge, spiritualism and behaving. Universe is my heart and my heart is universe was its main idea, which had a long-tern argument with Zhujia’s materialism. There were two most outstanding characteristics in Lu Jiuyuan’s education, one was promoting teaching by personal example as well as verbal instruction instead of learning rules;one was without building students’ residence. Famous for his wide knowledge and featured education, Lu Jiuyuan had lots of students from all walks of social life and many county scholars liked to visit and communicate with him. He taught in Yingtian Mountain, and has over 1,000 students there. Zhujia said, most of Zhedong scholars were his students. There was a saying that you are not a scholar if you are not the student of Mr.Xiangshan till 1231. Jiangdong, one of his students, moved Xiangshan college to the bottom of Sanfeng Mountain, south of Guixi. In 1232, decreed with Xiangshan College Plaque, Xiangshan College was same famous as Yueli, Bailu and Lize College. They were the biggest four Nansong colleges. Inherited and developed by Wang Yangming in Ming Dynasty, Lu’s mentalism became Lu and Wang School.

Xiangshan College site still locates in Xuyan, at the foot of Sanfeng Mountain in Guixi City, it is Guixi No.1 Middle School. Mr.Xiangshan’s statue stands in the school ,Xiangshan College was engraved by Mingwu Zhong on the wall of Sanfeng Mountain and a stele stands by the side which records college moving by Yufu.

Huang Wei (19041989) was named Wuwo and was renamed Peiwo by Jiang Jieshi. He was born in a farmer’s in Shengyuan Country and his father died at an early age. He graduated No.1 Primary School in 1918. Due to poverty, he studied in E’hu Normal School  He worked as a primary school teacher after graduation but quitted it and left his hometown because of bad relations with local officials. He entered Huangpu Military College with the help of Fang Zhimin and Zhao Xingnong in 1924. After graduation, he was the header of lieutenant division among the third army students. On Feb.10, 1925, he lead army students with Jiang Jieshi to go on a campaign in the east, and sent forces to suppress Chen Jiongming. He was appointed as platoon commander and company commander.  During the Kuomingdang north expedition, Huang Wei was promoted as the battalion leader. Then promoted as a corps leader in No.61 corps No.21 division, he had vehement fight with warlord Sun Chuanfang in Qixia Mountain, Nanjing. He was famous for braveness and determination. In the following year, he studied in special class in land army in college, brainman headquater of Kuomingdang Military committee for 3 years. After graduation, appreciated by No.18 army corps commander Chen Cheng, he was promoted as  brigadier of No.31 brigade. In 1938, he was promoted as No.18 army corps commander. In 1947, he was vice commander in chief of headquarter in combined service force of the department of defense. On November 6, Huaihai Campaign was broken up. Liu Shi ordered Huang Wei to lead army to pool in Xuzhou. During the campaign, Huang Wei was captured by Red Army due to the trouble on the chariot in Jizhou Villiage, Nanpin. After capture, he was trained in the Jingjing riverside for a time then was sent to Beijing by train to start his jail life in war criminal supervision place. In 1975, Huang Wei got free parden and was appointed to work for literary history data committee National Political Association. In 1983, he participated in the 6th National Political Association Conference and was voted for the member of standing committee. In one letter he wrote to his old friend, I hope our country be united in people’s hearts at an early date when I will visit Taiwan in person for celebration.

In 1985 fall, Huang Wei returned his hometown Guixi and he wrote, Experiencing hundres of wars and battles for country from youth to agedness, I have mixed feelings when back to Shenyuan village. All people came out to meet me. I am happy for the prosperous view of people work for rich life in our country. I have the same responsibility of contribution to China boom.
Huang Wei died of heart attack at age 85 in Beijing on March 20,1989.

Peng Chengwan(1880-1978) given name was Lingxiao, was named Keliang. He was born in Liuling Village,Jinsha,Guixi. He was qualified as a skillful write in 1900 and entered Jiangxi Military School as a artillery major in 1903. He went to Japan in the following year and studied at Military school there. He worked for repair department in Japan land measuring. He joined league with Sun Zhongshan during his stay in Japan then made contributions  to democracy revolution.

 The Wuchang uprising leaded by Sun Zhongshan succeeded on October 10, 1911. Jiujiang new army responded to the uprising on October 23 and declared independence. Against struggle official Feng Rujun of Jiangxi in Qing Dynasty, Peng Chengwan joined other members of league ,such as Yu Yingli to plan measuring school, land army primary school students and new army uprising in Nanchang. Then Peng succeeded in the uprising suppressing Liu Kui politics. After Nanchang uprising, Peng Chengwan reported the results of uprising by telecommunication officials of all departments in new army, arranged public security in province and voted No.27 Mixed Asscociation president Wu Jiezhang as the Jiangxi Military Director.
 After People’s Republic of China was set up, Peng Chengwan was sick at Li Liejun’s in Shanghai. Getting knowledge of it, Dong Biwu and Lin Boqu required Jiaxi Province party leaders Sha Shiping and Chen Zhengren to take care of his life. After that, invited to back to Jiangxi, Peng Chengwan was appointed as the special representative of Provincial People’s Congress, Provincial Political Association Committee member, Counselor of Provincial Counselor Chamber and other positions. He died of sickness on November 1,1978, at age of 98.


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